Theme:Childhood viral infections
For each patient with the group of symptoms listed below, choose
the single most probable causative agent from the given list of
Each option may be used once, more than once or not at all.
A 3-year-old girl presents with a macular confluent rash which
appeared initially behind the ears and has spread. Over the
previous five days she has had a low grade fever, catarrh and
conjunctivitis. Her mother is vague about her immunisation
A 2-year-old boy is admitted to hospital with vomiting,
non-bloody watery diarrhoea and is dehydrated. It emerges other
children from his play group have developed a similar illness.
A 2-year-old boy is mildly unwell. His mother has noticed vesicles
in his mouth, palms and soles of his feet.
A 10-year-old girl develops an itchy rash which began on her
trunk and has since spread over the entire body. She travelled to
see her grandmother who was unwell with a painful rash three weeks
The 4-month-old baby daughter of an HIV positive mother is
admitted to hospital with seizures. She has neonatal jaundice and